Basic concepts of fertility
Age and fertility
Fertility changes with age and for this reason we should differentiate several stages in women’s life.
Childhood: from 0 to 10 years old.
Puberty: from 8 to 12 years old
Adolescence: from 10 to 20 years old
Youth: from 18 to 24 years old
Adulthood: from 24 to 35 years old
Maturity: from 35 to 55 years old
In this period it is well known that when dealing with women
It should be highlighted that women’s fertile periods are adolescence, youth and adulthood. Adolescence marks the beginning of women’s reproductive life with the appearance of the first ovulation and menstruation. Menopause is the period in which women are no longer fertile. Therefore, it is understood that the period of women’s fertile age goes from the beginning of the first menstruation to 5 or 10 years previous to menopause.
In current society, age-related infertility is increasingly common as, for different reasons, a large number of women wait until age 30 to create a family. Despite women are healthier and take care of themselves better than ever, a better health at an adult age does not counteract the natural decline of age-related fertility. It is important to understand that fertility decreases with women’s age because of the age-related normal decrease of the quantity of ova. This decrease may occur much earlier than the vast majority of women expect.